A Decent Provision: Australian Welfare Policy, 1870 to 1949 by John Murphy PDF

By John Murphy

An honest Provision is a story historical past of the way and why Australia outfitted a particular welfare regime within the interval from the 1870s to 1949. at the start of this era, the Australian colonies have been belligerently insisting they have to no longer have a bad legislations, but had reproduced a few of the platforms of charitable provision in Britain. through the beginning of the 20 th century, a mixture of prolonged suffrage, simple salary law and the elderly pension had resulted in a name as a 'social laboratory'. And but part a century later, Australia was once a 'welfare laggard' and the hard work Party's welfare kingdom of the mid-1940s was once a comparatively modest and parsimonious building. versions of welfare in response to social coverage have been vigorously rejected, and the Australian procedure persisted on a direction of hugely residual, exact welfare funds.

The e-book explains this curious and halting trajectory, displaying how offerings made in previous a long time restricted what can be performed, and what may be imagined. in accordance with huge new examine from quite a few basic assets it makes an important contribution to common historic debates, in addition to to the sphere of comparative social coverage.

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38 Trade union witnesses before the commission had similarly argued that a system of local rating would be another impost on the working-class homeowners they represented. Now, in the parliament, there was vigorous opposition to any new taxation. Turner was proposing to draw some of the funds from licensing fees, but this would make the charities dependent on ‘the drink traffic’. As the liberal Henry Bournes Higgins had unhelpfully quipped when Turner mentioned this proposal, ‘the more the people spend in drink, the more they will give in 37 John Rickard, Class and Politics: New South Wales, Victoria and the Early Commonwealth, 1890–1910 (Canberra, 1976), pp.

It is worth dwelling on the silence of Turner’s liberal colleagues and of the few labour movement members who largely sheltered under their wing in the Victorian parliament. 44 He was quite right, for nobody spoke in support of the measure. Turner was defensive from the start, and prominent Liberals such as Alfred Deakin, Alexander Peacock, Henry Bournes Higgins and Isaac Isaacs, were either not present in the chamber or remained mute. The Charities Bill was fundamentally about instituting some government regulation and direction over a diverse and autonomous charitable sector, and putting its funding on a more rationalized and potentially secure basis.

It was partly absurd and partly rhetorical. This was the Poor Law not as the nightmare of the working class, but as the antithesis of self-reliant liberalism and individual voluntary action. 39 41 42 43 40 VPD, vol. 87, 1897, p. 79. VPD, vol. 87, 1897, pp. 539–40, 546–7. VPD, vol. 87, 1897, p. 544. VPD, vol. 87, 1897, pp. 554–6. VPD, vol. 87, 1897, pp. 564, 566–7. The Pauper in the New World 23 Turner seemed baffled by all this opposition, for how was implementing the provisions of this Royal Commission a step towards the treadmill and stonebreaking?

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A Decent Provision: Australian Welfare Policy, 1870 to 1949 by John Murphy

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