By John R. Bentley
The oldest written level of the japanese language types the topic of John Bentley's vital quantity. The underlying texts (also offered right here) are these of the spiritual liturgies (norito) and imperial edicts (A.D. 685). half one offers with the liturgies, the writing procedure, texts, and phonology and the relationship challenge. the most chapters of the booklet are an outline of nominals, verbs, verbal suffixes, auxiliary verbs, debris, and conjunctions. A bankruptcy at the lexicon, detailing many hapax legomena and engaging phrases, makes this right into a significant reference paintings on early eastern.
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Additional info for A Descriptive Grammar of Early Old Japanese Prose (Brill's Japanese Studies Library)
In the vernacular, this graph is used for a man's genitals. " If this interpretation is valid, then the inscription takes on a more vulgar meaning, with kuri 'chestnuts' having two meanings. 18 CHAPTER TWO These clues have not been fully exploited yet, and a comprehensive linguistic study of norito has not been undertaken to date. There are several reasons for such casual indifference to the linguistic value of these liturgies: a) norito are often viewed as originating from the Heian era rather than the Nara, so scholars assume these liturgies do not preserve the Old Japanese eight vowel system (ko-otsu distinction), b) The liturgies are primarily written in Chinese, thus obscuring the actual nature of the underlying Japanese, c) The very fact that the liturgies are written in Chinese infers that these religious texts have little native literary merit, because it is difficult to extract native Japanese from the text.
All Phonograms in the Liturgies THE LITURGIES 33 Fig. 5. ) The numbers one and two in the left column of the chart represent the type A (ko) or type E (otsii) classification of phonograms. 'Zero' is used to show that some syllables were not divided into two groups, or the distinction had already merged by the time of the composition of the liturgies. It will be noticed from this chart that there are a sufficient number of phonograms used in the liturgies to allow us to reach several conclusions.
Tori-okyeru papeki pa kono ipye no kyimyi no myikokoro no / totonopori nari tori-okyeru eturi pa kono ipye no kyimyi no myikokoro no / tapyiraka naru nari tori-yuperu / tunakadura pa kono ipye no kyimyi no The base of the rope knots and pillars of this newly raised edifice of youth will appease the heart of the patriarch of this house. The raised roof-beams will be a sign of prosperity of the heart of the patriarch of this house. The strong rafters which have been placed will set in order The heart of the patriarch of this house.
A Descriptive Grammar of Early Old Japanese Prose (Brill's Japanese Studies Library) by John R. Bentley