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By Mark Hanna Watkins

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Additional resources for A grammar of Chichewa, a Bantu language of British Central Africa

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G and original ideas - ideas, moreover, for which it would not be easy to find counterparts outside the Indian tradition. sa ("Sailkara est tout pen6tre de Mlmiimsa": Renou 1951, Ill). g. Jha 1942, Hiriyanna 1932, chapter XII, and cf. Edgerton 1929 and Kuuhan Raja 1952. sa has most probably developed from the ritual Sutras and especially from the rules of interpretation (paribha~a-siitra) attached to some of these Siitras. But the Mlmamsa investigation is more general and theoretical than the. investigations of the ritual Sutras.

Passage, then, Patanjali clearly regards word order as free. Which particular order is used in a given utterance is a matter of 'usage' (prayoga). Before studying additional evidence in this respect from the Mahtibhii~ya, we shall return to Piil)ini and see whether he has anything to say about word order in the Sanskrit object-language. First, it strikes us that the terms met with before, dnupiirvya and iinupiirvi, are used in a different sense. ). ini does not deal with Syntax but only with Phonology and Morphology".

They emerge as soon as one realizes that something important was missing in the preceding analysis of Patafijali's sentences. This analysis was inadequate in many respects, but in particular because it failed to explain why certain declensional and conjugational terminations occur in certain places. Why did for example bhagini have the Vocative ending, bhaginz the Nominative, kumbham, anGijvaham and abhidhrivantam the Accusative, and why were harasi and adrrik$iQ in the Singular? Can such questions indeed be meaningfully asked after attempts have been made to establish some order between words that themselves still lack determination?

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A grammar of Chichewa, a Bantu language of British Central Africa by Mark Hanna Watkins


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