By Thomas Rowland
Excerpt from A Grammar of the Welsh Language according to the main authorized structures: With Copious Examples From one of the most right Welsh Writers
This Essay, independently of its intrinsic worthy, advantages nice compliment, as being the 1st general try to clarify the rules of Welsh Syntax. In giving definitions of issues belonging to common Grammar, and in displaying correspondence of idiom among the Welsh and the Latin and Greek languages, a lot aid used to be additionally derived from Zumpt, Key, Arnold, Matthiæ, and Kühner.
All will permit Welsh Grammar, more suitable to any of these which have been hitherto released, is particularly a lot wanted; yet even if the current paintings surpasses its predecessors, has to be decided through the reader. it is going to be obvious, there isn't any doubt, that many deficiencies exist during this construction, and that its shortcomings are a variety of. despite the fact that, should still a moment variation be referred to as for, it really is was hoping that those deficiencies should be amended, error rectified, and lots of observations further that have now been passed over, owing partially to need of time, and partially to wish of data. And with this view it might be deemed a kindness if Welsh critics could, both publicly or privately, favour me with tricks, emendations, and comments, in order that i could be enabled to ship forth a moment version extra systematic, extra ideal, and extra complete.
It is my responsibility to kingdom that i'm lower than very nice duties to the Rev. Thomas Briscoe, B. D., Vice-Principal and show of Jesus university, Oxford, for the sort tips he has rendered me, either in having a look over the paintings prior to it used to be despatched to the Printer, and in correcting the proof-sheets whereas passing throughout the press. have been it no longer for him, and the Rev. William Briscoe, M. A., Fellow of Jesus university, it truly is uncertain even if the e-book could ever were released: and if the reader derives any enjoy the Grammar, he, without doubt, will subscribe to me in acknowledging our gratitude to those Gentlemen.
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Extra info for A grammar of the Welsh language, based on the most approved systems, with copious examples from some of the most correct Welsh writers
77. When two or more and form a compound, the substantives, or substantives adjectives, are joined together to adjective or the substantive that expresses the notion of an adjective, takes the precedence. Jawniarn, right judgment. Drygîyd, advei'sity. (a) The latter noun is Z)«/rbeiriant, water-engine. Awyj-gyich, atmosphere. put in the middle sound : cad/arch. ) (b) But we have several compounds formed contrary to the above rule. In drychfeddu-l, jjwyslais, mammaeth, the noun in the possessive case is made to folloic the other, whereas, according to the genius of the Language, it should either jL7)Tc'e(ie the governing noun, or the compound should no longer be such.
Companion, pi. cymdeitbion, Chwaer, sister, pi. chwiorydd, fr. Daiargryn, earthquake, pi. daiargrynfiiau, Dychryn, terror, pi. dyclirynfeydd, Nos, night, pi. nosweithiau, Pared, partition, pi. parwydydd, Rheg, curse, pi. rhegfëydd, fr. The 127. pi. of Some terminations dynes, woman, is streaming. of another form of Ihe fr. camre. cymdaith. chwior. daiargrynfa, fr. dyclu-ynfa. fr. fr. noswaith. parwyd. fr. rhegfa. gwragedd, from gwraig, woman. nouns, ending in yn and en, throw off these pi. termination is added.
Eryr gwrryw, a he-eagle. Eryr benyw, a she-caglc. Colomen wrryw, a he-dove. Colomen fenyw, a she-dove. Ceiliogwydd, a gander, from gwydd, a goose. Bwcli gafr, a he-goat, from gafr, a goat. , gicrryw and •we can correctly apjdy these words. benyw will take the radical ; if fan. they will be changed into the middle sound. Eryr r/wrrvw ) Colomen wrryw | , '^'^^Er-yr'6enyW Colomen /enýw / •'^'^• ] 138. With regard to the names of inanimate objects, the following rules may be laid down; but they extend to certain classes only, and must be regarded merely as general rules.
A grammar of the Welsh language, based on the most approved systems, with copious examples from some of the most correct Welsh writers by Thomas Rowland