By John Considine
This is often the 1st unified historical past of the massive, prestigious dictionaries of the 17th and eighteenth centuries, compiled in academies, which got down to glorify residing ecu languages. The culture all started with the Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca (1612) in Florence and the Dictionnaire de l'Académie françoise (1694) in Paris, and unfold throughout Europe - to Germany, Spain, England, Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Russia - within the eighteenth century, enticing scholars of language as diversified as Leibniz, Samuel Johnson, and Catherine the nice. all of the significant academy and academy-style dictionaries of the interval as much as 1800, released and unpublished, are mentioned in one narrative, bridging nationwide and linguistic limitations, to supply a historical past of lexicography on a ecu scale. Like John Considine's Dictionaries in Early smooth Europe (Cambridge collage Press, 2008), this examine treats dictionaries either as actual books and as bold works of the human mind's eye.
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Extra resources for Academy Dictionaries: 1600-1800
30 The Accademia della Crusca and the Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca (1612, 1628) Despite their interest in the vernacular, the Infiammati did not turn their efforts towards vernacular lexicography. 31 Borghini was a Benedictine monk, prior of the Ospedale degli Innocenti, a position which gave him a respectable social status and put money and leisure at his disposal. His interests, like those of many sixteenth- and seventeenth-century students of the vernaculars, included natural history, archaeology, and philology.
Salviati joined its meetings in 1582 or 1583, and soon persuaded the other The Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca 19 members to found a formally constituted body, an academy. In February 1584 – the month, as it happened, in which the first volume of Salviati’s Avvertimenti was published – the Accademia della Crusca came into being. Its name was a witty adaptation of brigata dei crusconi, now emphasizing purification rather than coarseness: its emblem was a frullone, or boltinghutch, the device which separates good flour from bran (crusca).
Bastiano de’ Rossi, who worked closely with Salviati on the latter’s ‘vocabolario’, was its secretary. The codification of the vernacular soon came to interest the Accademici, no doubt as a result of the influence of Salviati, even after his departure from Florence and his death. 48 The form of words in the record of this discussion is ‘del modo del fare il vocabolario’: the dictionary, not a dictionary. 52 There are small discrepancies between the ranges assigned and those reported on, but the fact that alphabetical ranges could be assigned with any degree of confidence shows, as one might have guessed, that the Accademici were working from the wordlist of a previous dictionary.
Academy Dictionaries: 1600-1800 by John Considine