By Liliane Haegeman
Adverbial Clauses, major Clause Phenomena, and Composition of the Left outer edge uses the cartographic thought to envision the left outer edge of the English clause and examine it to the left-peripheral buildings of different languages. Liliane Haegeman argues that the distinct floor features of those languages (primarily English and Romance, but additionally Gungbe, Hungarian, Hebrew, Dutch, and others) should be defined through common constraints, and that an analogous constructions practice around the languages. Haegeman makes a speciality of major clause transformations--movement operations that could simply happen in major clauses.
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Additional resources for Adverbial Clauses, Main Clause Phenomena, and Composition of the Left Periphery: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 8
Lasnik and Stowell 1991), this is not the case for CLLD/topicalization (21b). (21) a. ’ loi ha b. ’ sempre apprezzato. always appreciate-part-msg sempre apprezzato. always appreciate-part-msg The same contrast is pointed out for English by Culicover (1991a: 37), who gives the following examples: (22) a. *robini hisi mother really appreciates. (Culicover 1991a: 37 (122a)) b. Robini, hisi mother really appreciates. (Culicover 1991a: 37, (121a)) 12 For topicalization without a resumptive element in Italian see Cardinaletti (2010).
If a negative constituent can target SpecFocP, as proposed in the preceding section, then, similarly, one also would expect to also find instances of (40d). However, the patterns in (40) usually lead to a degradation or to unacceptability in English, as shown in (41), which illustrates some instantiations. The same point is made in Breul (2004: 199–205). (41a) illustrates what would be multiple topics; (41b) illustrates the sequence focus–topic; (41c–e) illustrate the sequence wh-phrase– topic (41c) illustrates an embedded pattern, and (41d) and (41e) illustrate root patterns, with two variants.
Delahunty 1983, Koizumi 1995: 146, (27a)) e. And to Cynthia, what do you think you will send? (from Delahunty 1983, Pesetsky 1989: 13, (39f), via Watanabe) f. To Peter, what should Mary give? (Bošković 2008: 256, n. 13 (i)) (53) a. b. c. d. (54) a. Beans, never in my life will I eat. b. Many of the things they seem to be arguing for not only do I agree with but they were included in the July document. (Guardian, January 21, 2004: 6, col. 5) c.
Adverbial Clauses, Main Clause Phenomena, and Composition of the Left Periphery: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 8 by Liliane Haegeman